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YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL

Volume 76 (2004)
CONTENTS


A Copper Alloy Spearhead And Chisel From Allerston, North Yorkshire by O. Jessop

This paper documents the discovery of two Late Bronze Age copper alloy artefacts from Allerton in the Vale of Pickering. The artefacts appear to be part of a small dispersed hoard and were recovered by a metal detector. During the process of their identification, the opportunity was taken to examine their metallurgy. Their composition is summarised and examined in relation to recent research into similar artefacts from the region.

A Romano-British Enclosed Farmstead At Billingley Drive, Thurnscoe, South Yorkshire by P.G.E. Neal & R. Fraser

This paper reports on a Romano-British farmstead that was excavated on farmland near Thurnscoe, South Yorkshire. The site consisted of a sequence of ditched rectilinear enclosures linked to trackway and field system elements. A large T-shaped corn drying oven had been constructed outside the main enclosures. Possible burials were dispersed around the periphery of the enclosures, but in the final phase a small formalised cemetery appeared to have been established within one of them. Occupation of the site probably commenced in the mid-second century and ended by the mid-fourth century A.D. Evidence was recovered which demonstrated that as well as coal, the inhabitants exploited both heathland and coppiced timber for fuel. There was some evidence for iron-smithing and a high quality snaffle bit was recovered from an enclosure ditch terminal where it had probably been placed as a structured deposit.

Evidence For Early Medieval Activity At Bursea, East Yorkshire by P. Halkon et al

Amongst the artefacts from the excavations at Bursea House near Holme-on-Spalding Moor (SE 813317) in 1983-84 was a whetstone which has recently been identified as a Viking-age or later import. The stone was not recognised as such during work on the site report which was published by the YAHS (Halkon and Millett 1999, 103-64). The purpose of this note is to rectify this omission and draw attention to its importance for the interpretation of the site.

Not Roman, But Romanesque: A Decayed Relief At Conisbrough Church by R. Wood

I suggest to add where the relief is – building / location The relief shows a figure seated under a round-headed arch. It resembles Romano-British monuments, but several features link it to twelfthcentury sculpture in Yorkshire and to examples at sites further afield with Cluniac connections. A Romanesque context for the relief is suggested. A postscript considers the relationship of some Romanesque stone sculpture in the county to contemporary work in wood.

Excavations At The Well House, Long Marston, North Yorkshire, SE 500 514 by S.J. Sherlock

An archaeological watching brief was undertaken at Long Marston between York and Wetherby in December 2002. The work, in advance of a housing development, exposed the foundations of two buildings cutting into the boulder clay. The buildings are of a type of medieval peasant structure that is thought to originate in the thirteenth century. The dwellings excavated at Long Marston are thought to date between the twelfth and fourteenth century based upon the ceramic evidence. A parallel to this type of building is suggested from North East England.

Saint Of Middleham And Giggleswick by H. Edwards

The churches of Middleham and Giggleswick in North Yorkshire are dedicated to an otherwise unknown saint, Alkelda. It was suggested in the YAJ of 1893 that the name derives from the phrase halig keld, holy spring, and that the saint had never existed. This article argues that Alkelda probably did exist, that the modern form of the name is based on a genuine Anglo-Saxon personal name, Alchhild, and that she may have lived some form of the religious life in seventh or eighthcentury Northumbria.

Priors' Seal Of The Dominican Friary Of Pontefract And An Early Representation Of St Dominic In English Art by D. Marcombe

In the late 1990s a metal detectorist discovered a seal matrix which turned out to be that of the prior of the Dominican friary at Pontefract, founded by Edmund de Lucy in 1256. The article explores the subsequent history of the Pontefract friary and how seals were used by the order in England during the Middle Ages. The imagery depicted on the seal is discussed in the context of other Dominican survivals for Yorkshire. The conclusion of the paper is that the central figure is an early representation of St Dominic, perhaps the earliest in English medieval art.

Canons And Hermits: The Chapel Of St Simon And St Jude, Coverdale by E.A. Jones

The article brings together a variety of evidence relating to the hermits of the chapel of St Simon and St Jude in Coverdale, North Yorkshire, and in particular for the relationship between the hermits and the Premonstratensian Coverham Abbey. In addition to the extant remains of the chapel, a sixteenthcentury property dispute is examined which provides some incidental evidence for the identity and situation of the hermits in the years before the Reformation; a rule for hermits found in a manuscript of similar date which belonged to a canon of Coverham is also examined. A transcription of the rule is provided in an appendix.

Whitby In North Africa by L. Butler

The names York Castle and Fort Whitby occur in Tangier during the English occupation (1661-1684). It is suggested that they are directly attributable to Sir Hugh Cholmley of Whitby who designed and built the harbour mole at Tangier.

The Gossip Family Of Thorp Arch. Settlement In The Eighteenth Century: A Crisis by B. Harrison

This article is a case study of the achievement of William Gossip (1704-1772) of York in establishing himself as a member of the landed gentry by purchasing the lordship of Thorp Arch, West Yorkshire, in 1748. It follows his relationship with his five sons, their careers in the hosiery business in Leicester and the army. George’s failure in business caused William not to leave his estates solely to his eldest son as envisaged under his marriage settlement. Instead, he established a strict settlement under his will to divide them amongst the survivors. This decision enabled future generations to make suitable marriages which further enhanced the family fortunes.

Robinsons Of Thorp Green by P. Holmes

The family of Rev. Edmund Robinson of Thorp Green Hall, near Boroughbridge, was thrust into the limelight with the publication in Mrs Gaskell’s Life of Charlotte Brontë of the allegation that Lydia Robinson, Edmund’s wife, had seduced Patrick Branwell Brontë, tutor in the household. By a nice irony of archivism the estate papers of the family were deposited at the Brontë Parsonage Museum, and they provide the basis for this article. The origins of this gentry estate are explored, and attention is paid to the children of Edmund and Lydia, who feature in the letters of Charlotte Brontë.

T. D. Whitaker, 1759-1821: Gentleman, Cleric And Magistrate b y P. Maryfield

This article follows a survey of T. D. Whitaker’s historical writing (YAJ, 2003). It presents a portrait of a northern gentleman-scholar not untypical of his time and social class: a polymath in a provincial backwater, stimulated by the company and ideas of like-minded friends. From his letters, sermons and the observations of his circle he is shown confronting violence in society and politics with his belief in the efficacy of reason and education.

The Almshouse Experience In The Nineteenth-Century West Riding by H. Caffrey

Almshouse foundation increased during the nineteenth century in the West Riding. These residential charities shared essential characteristics, variously expressed, in terms of accommodation and gardens, residence criteria such as gender and age, and benefits, regulations and responsibilities, constituting an almshouse package. Founders and trustees were concerned with selection, property maintenance and pension payments. Beneficiaries, who were carefully selected, were numerically few compared to workhouse inmates, but embodied a particular approach to the care of the elderly poor in which independence was facilitated within a community setting.

John Gilbert Hurst FBA, FSA, DUniv (1927-2003) [obituary]

Richard Lumley, 12th Earl of Scarborough (1932-2004) [obituary]

Anthony Laughton Pacitto (1931-2003) [obituary]

Gerard Francis Young CBE, KStJ, HonLLD (1910-2004) [obituary]

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