Publications List     



YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL

Volume 83 (2011)
CONTENTS


Some Recent Research at two Yorkshire Long Barrows: Denby House, Rudston & Esh's Barrow, Helperthorpe by Alex Gibson

A topographical and geophysical survey was undertaken at the Neolithic long barrows of Esh’s Barrow and Denby House as part of an assessment of the Neolithic barrows of the upper Gypsey Race (Great Wold) Valley, North Yorkshire. Denby House proved to still survive as an earthwork and geophysical survey revealed the lay-out of the barrow features. The survey of Esh’s Barrow also located a short long barrow but it was less easy to match the revealed features to the antiquarian descriptions.

J.M.N. Colls and the Baildon Moor Prehistoric Field Complex by Keith Boughey

In 1846 J.M.N. Colls described an ancient co-axial field system on Baildon Moor in West Yorkshire in a paper in the journal Archaeologia, believed to be the first account of its kind in UK archaeological literature. Even then, the remains were sparse and it has long been believed by most later commentators that all field evidence for the system had long since disappeared. However, encouraged by a survey of Baildon Moor commissioned by English Heritage in 1994, in connection with an entirely different objective (a survey of cup-and-ring-marked rocks), the author has re-examined the moor, and armed with both Colls’ 1846 map and the 1994 survey, found that traces of the system reported over a century and a half ago by Colls still survive on the ground. The paper describes Colls’ original account along with later Victorian re-workings of his material and compares in detail the system recorded by Colls with both the results of the 1994 survey and of extensive fieldwork carried out by the author in 2007. It attempts to set the Baildon Moor field system into its wider archaeological context and concludes that Colls’ account stands out, not only as the first, but as a remarkably good one for its time.

Bronze Age Cremations, Iron Age and Roman Settlement and Early Medieval Inhumations at the Langeled Receiving Facilities, Easington, East Riding of Yorkshire by Jane Richardson

Excavations to the north of the village of Easington in the East Riding of Yorkshire identified a funerary landscape of Late Bronze Age, Late Iron Age and Roman cremations, as well as Roman and early medieval inhumations. The four early medieval burials included a spearhead, knives, buckles and beads. Occupation activity associated with the Bronze Age and early medieval burials was not identified but a ‘ladder-style’ settlement of trackways and enclosures was established by the first century BC. This settlement underwent at least two episodes of restructuring before its abandonment, probably in the third century AD. Given a dearth of imported objects and the preservation of pre-Conquest-style building traditions, the inhabitants of the final settlement chose not to adopt the trappings of a ‘Romanised’ lifestyle.

Results of an Archaeological Test Pit Excavation in the Refectory Building at Rievaulx Abbey by Jane Wheeler and Gerry McDonnell

This paper presents the results of an investigation test pit at Rievaulx Abbey that was undertaken as part of a multidisciplinary research project at the University of Bradford to explore the archaeological evidence for historic iron production at Rievaulx village. The purpose was to investigate Rievaulx’s hidden industrial past, and to determine whether there was evidence to prove that the former monastic refectory had been used as a charcoal and/or iron ore store. The results inconclusive.

The Augustinians and the Romanesque Font from Everingham, East Riding by Rita Wood

The font is one of the more elaborate examples in a group of over fifty cylindrical fonts in the East Riding which date from the first half of the twelfth century. Its apparently unorganised imagery is found to embody a teaching scheme reminiscent of methods described in St Augustine of Hippo’s manual for instructing baptism candidates, and the design seems to be based on a text of Hugh of St Victor, from his moral interpretation of Noah’s Ark. It is suggested that an Augustinian canon designed the scheme even though Everingham church did not belong to the order. This inference leads to a discussion of the pastoral work of the Augustinian canons in the East Riding in the early twelfth century. Motifs on a font at Bessingby (East Riding), on tympana at Ribbesford (Worcestershire) and Stoke-sub-Hamdon (Somerset), and at various other sites provide comparisons. The Everingham font is now thought to be in the United States.

The Court Records of the Diocese of York 1300-1858: An Under-Used Resource by Philippa Hoskin, Simon Sandall and Emma Watson

The papers of the ecclesiastical courts of York are the largest collection of such records in the country. Between their beginning in 1300 and 1858, by which point the courts had lost much of their jurisdiction, there are surviving papers for over 14,000 cases. Recently these have been catalogued in an on-line database www.hrionline.ac.uk/causepapers/. The cases cover a wide range of jurisdiction and provide opportunities for studies in social, economic and administrative history. This article examines four ways the records can be used: medieval defamation; sixteenth-century religious belief; seventeenth- and eighteenth-century education; and nineteenth-century marital discord. These brief studies are intended as examples to encourage the reader to use these records for their own research.

William Wrightson, the Yorkshire Whigs and the Yorkshire 'Peterloo' Protest Meeting of 1819 by Brian Barber

William Wrightson (1752-1827), was MP for Aylesbury from 1784 to 1789, but then played a more significant role in Yorkshire politics over a longer period between 1795 and 1819, in close co-operation with Christopher Wyvill, the leader of the Yorkshire Association. During the years of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars the strengthening of Toryism in the West Riding, together with political differences between moderates and radicals among the Whig gentry, inhibited the public activities of those Whigs favouring moderate reform, previously expressed through county meetings initiated by the Yorkshire Association. After a long period of frustration, an opportunity for the Yorkshire Whigs to reunite was presented by the ‘Peterloo’ protest meeting held at York in October 1819 as a consequence of the disastrously-terminated public meeting in St Peter’s Fields, Manchester, in August of that year. This article considers the York meeting in the context of the difficulties being experienced by Yorkshire Whiggism. The resolutions presented at the meeting are compared with the draft preserved among the Earl Fitzwilliam archives to show how far traditional Whig modes of thought had to be adjusted to become acceptable to the mood prevailing among anti-Tory reformers in the post-war years.

'Blending Instruction with Amusement': The Huddersfield Philosophical Society Exhibition of 1840 by David Griffiths

This article describes and discusses the Huddersfield Exhibition of 1840, one of a series of ‘mechanics’ exhibitions’ held in the years around that date. It examines the content of the exhibition as a cultural event in its own right, and considers the social profile of those who exhibited and those who attended. Beyond its cultural significance, however, the article also explores a number of themes of early-nineteenth century historiography, asking to what extent the exhibition was of industrial, scientific or political significance. Particular attention is paid to the part it may have played in middle-class strategies to manage the unstable social and political environment of the time.

An Eisteddfod for Yorkshire? Professor Moorman and the Uses of Dialect by William Marshall

Frederic W. Moorman joined the academic staff of the Yorkshire College, soon to become the University of Leeds, in 1898, and eventually became Professor of English Language. Devon-born, he described himself as a ‘naturalised Yorkshireman’. He joined the Yorkshire Dialect society in 1904 and became a member of its council and its editorial secretary. He was a prolific writer and editor of dialect poetry and prose. He wished to encourage the revival of Yorkshire vernacular culture among its ‘peasants and artisans’ and argued that the county should mount its own eisteddfod equivalents. He died at the age of forty-seven in a drowning accident in the Dales. Several of his volumes of dialect material were published posthumously. Moorman is a marginal literary figure but significant for his serious espousal of a pan-Yorkshire culture and identity rooted in traditions such as dialect poetry and the late medieval miracle plays.

Walter Bentley [obituary]
Peter B. Davidson [obituary]
Jean Le Patourel [obituary]